SWAZILAND, a place you should not miss
Travel to Swaziland will transport you to an ancient era , where culture, along with the fauna and flora of its parks are the main attraction to captivate any traveler. Take a Tour of Swaziland in a day or several days, whichever you prefer. Make your choice.
It is a small country in southern Africa with no outlet to the sea. With an area of 17.363 Km2. It is bordered to the east by Mozambique and in all other directions by South Africa. The western half is mountainous east dominated by plains and savannas. The border with Mozambique and South Africa is dominated by the rugged Sierra Lebombo.
The climate is temperate in the mountainous areas with an average of 15°C and subtropical plains to 22ºC annual average and reaches 40°C in summer.
Swaziland's economy is based primarily on subsistence agriculture, employing over 70% of the population. Especially the corn, pineapple, sugar cane and wood pulp. It also has mineral resources such as coal, gold, diamond, iron etc.
The trade balance is in deficit; mainly exports agricultural products (85% of total sales). It should be noted a strong dependence on South Africa, the main destination of exports and origin of 35% of imports. It provides 66% of the electricity and strong inflows of foreign exchange from tourism and a customs agreement.
Swazis are a Bantu-speaking people, predominantly in Nguni language and culture. They originate from East Central Africa. As part of the Nguni southern expansion, the Swazis crossed the Limpopo River and settled in southern Tongaland (now called Mozambique) in the late fifteenth century. Their Chief was Dlamini, a man of Nguni origin.
After 200 years the Swazi people, still leaded by a number of heads of the Dlamini clan, moved to the Pongola River region, where he lived nearby Ndwandwe people. Later, the economic pressures of land scarcity, finally brought the two groups to conflicts. After the battle, the Swazis retreated to the Modern Central area. Here Swazis have continued with the process of expansion, winning numerous tribes of Sotho and Nguni language, to build a great state currently called Swaziland.
In 1903 the country became a British protectorate, having won national independence in 1968, from there we established a current monarchical system to the present. The head of state is the king, who appoints the prime minister and a small number of representatives of both property Houses of Parliament.
Elections are held every five years. In 2005 a new constitution was adopted and approved in February 2006.
Swaziland owns important wildlife parks, which can not miss: Hlane Royal National Park, Mkhaya Game Reserve, Wild Life Sanctuary Mlilwane. Walking safaris, special Safaris Rhino Safaris 4x4 open, bird specials Safaris, Cultural Tours and more.