MOZAMBIQUE, a special trip
Mozambique, with its coral reefs and abundant marine life, is a paradise for diving and other water activities. Bathed in the warm waters of the Indian Ocean, this former Portuguese colony is an undiscovered paradise. Besides the famous Bazaruto archipelago, there are several and many dive sites along the coast of Mozambique. Especially in Tofo Beach, with magnificent Mantas and Whale Sharks Raya and other places like Ponta de Ouro, Bilene beach, Inhaca Island, Jangamo, Pemba etc.
With its virtually untouched waters, it is a popular destination for sport fishing. 2.500 km of coastline offer amazing white sandy beaches and crystal clear waters.
The main event that marks the modern history of Mozambique, is the Portuguese colonizing occupation and remaining in the country for 500 years.
- In 1507 the Portuguese occupied the port of Mozambique, in search of gold inside. In the mid-seventeenth century began the slave trade, most of them brought to Brazil to another Portuguese colony.
- In 1878 slavery was abolished in Mozambique.
- Lourenço Marques (Maputo) was declared capital of the colony in 1898.
- During the first half of the twentieth century, some thousands of Portuguese settlers came to stay in the country. The economy triggered great prosperity under the dictator Salazar. Colonial cities and wide avenues were built.
The colonial resistance began in 1962 with the formation of FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front). In 1975, the country gained independence, but the civil war continued until 1994, when FRELIMO won the first democratic elections.
The Republic of Mozambique is located southwest of Africa in the Indian Ocean. Limits the north with Tanzania and Malawi, north-west with Zambia in the west to Zimbabwe, Swaziland southwest to south and south to South Africa and east to the Indian Ocean.
Its territory consists of a vast plain land with a length of 783.080 square kilometers. With an average elevation of 200 meters above sea level, except in the west where the mountain is the Inyanga, which at its peak reaches 2.500 meters. The most important rivers are the Zambezi River in the center and the Limpopo River in the south.
CULTURE AND POPULATION
The country has approximately 21,742.332 people and has 41 Bantu languages. The population of Mozambique is composed of numerous ethnic groups, originating from Bantu: Makua (43.7%), Tsonga (23.3%), Malawi (12%), Shona (11.3%), Yao (3, 8%), Swahili (9.8%), Makonde (0.6%). The official language is Portuguese.
Mozambique does not have an official religion. Rural areas have traditional services as the predominant religion. The urban population is Christian or Muslim, Islam is predominant in the north. The capital is Maputo, with a population of nearly 2 million, taking into account the suburbs to the city. Today the city of Maputo has an important cultural heritage for its colonial buildings, museums and monuments. On the Island of Mozambique can see churches, mosques and colonial buildings of the seventeenth and eighteenth century.
The country's economy is mainly based on agriculture, which employs 70% of the workforce. The main products obtained from the land are: nuts, tea, corn, sugar, copra, oil, sisal, cotton and citrus. The forest industry is increasing its weight in the national economy. Fishing is very important from the point of view of domestic consumption and in view of the importance of exports. In the manufacturing process are: processed foods, textiles, beverages, cement, aluminum and fertilizer.
Mineral exports produce coal, salt, bauxite, precious stones and marble. Mozambique is also a major producer of natural gas to be exported to South Africa, as well as exports of energy produced in Tete in the center of Cahora Bassa, considered among the ten largest and best equipped in the world. At the same time, tourism is already an important source of income for the country, having increased in the last five years 400% of visitor arrivals. For this reason, the government built a new airport that will meet current needs. Major trading partners include the United States, Portugal and South Africa.